Prof. Dr. Ketut Artawa, the leader of the Indonesian Language research strand of CIRHSS, was one of the keynote speakers in the online National Seminar at the University of Halu Oleo, Sulawesi. Prof. Artawa delivered a talk on Linguistic Landscape.
CIRHSS Deputy Secretary, Gede Primahadi W. Rajeg, Ph.D. was one of the invited speakers to co-deliver an online lecture (in Indonesian) in the Online Linguistics Class (Kelas Daring Linguistik) series held by the Indonesian Linguistic Society (Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia) (Saturday, 17 October 2020) (cf. also Gede’s other invited talk in October). The other presenters were Karlina Denistia, Ph.D. (University of Tubingen, Germany), and Prihantoro, M.A. (Universitas Diponegoro; Lancaster University, UK).
The topic of the lecture is an introduction to corpus linguistics as a method for combining qualitative and quantitative approaches to language (Pengantar Linguistik Korpus: Perpaduan Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif). Below are (i) the recording of the talk, (ii) some pictures post-lecture on MLI’s Facebook page, and (iii) slides for Gede’s presentation and Karlina’s supplementary materials and slides.
Denistia, K. (2020, October 16). Pengantar Linguistik Korpus: Perpaduan Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/4CSRK
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For the Master Class, there is a scholarship available from The Wurm Foundation. To apply for it, please send your most recent CV and academic transcript to email@example.com. As the email subject, please put “ICAPaW2019 Master Class Scholarship Application”.
The deadlines to apply for the scholarship is on 19 July 2019.
The outcome of the scholarship application is on 31 July 2019.
Reconstructing past vegetation cover through the study of microscopic plant remains preserved in sedimentary environments – otherwise known as palaeoecology – provides an important window into the nature, pace and direction of environmental change through time. Existing lines of evidence point to significant changes to biodiversity, vegetation cover, and fire frequency since the arrival of Homo sapiens into Sunda (island SE Asia) and Sahul (Australia-New Guinea) sometime around 65,000 years ago. In this paper I show how detailed reconstructions of past landscapes can be derived from pollen and charcoal preserved in sedimentary records and present a review of the nature of the past environments during the span of time from when H. sapiens first encountered this landscape through to the managed and human influenced landscapes described at European contact. The new Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Biodiversity and Heritage in Australia aims to build our capacity in interdisciplinary studies by combining archaeological and palaeo-environmental to allow an assessment of how people adapted to changing conditions and in turn may have driven these changes.
What can the study of history bring to the reconstruction of language transformation? While historical linguistics has forged powerful collaborations with anthropology, archaeology and genetics, the relationship with history is much less developed. A series of vignettes from New Guinea and Vanuatu illustrates some of the potential of both oral traditions and documentary history in recasting questions about the evolution of contemporary language diversity in Melanesia: on the migration of the ancestors of the Agarabi-speakers and their adoption of Gadsup language in Papua New Guinea’s Eastern Highlands; on the complex layering of Melanesian and Polynesian languages in Central Vanuatu; and the distinctive diffusion after 1871 of tools, crops and terms introduced by Russian anthropologist Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay to the Madang coast.
Adjectives can be found in every language, however, the types and sizes of adjective each language has could be different from one another. In a great majority of languages, adjectives are semantically used to state a property and specify the referent of a noun ( Dixon, 2010: 91). This paper will account for the interaction between syntax and semantics of adjectives of emotion and their corresponding derived verbs in Indonesian. The analysis makes use of a number of syntactic tests comparing the syntactic properties of the adjectives of emotion with their corresponding derived verbs. The syntactic tests include the various functions that the adjectives of emotion and corresponding derived verbs can fulfill in the clause structure, their ability to take a modifying element, their syntactic properties in a comparative construction, and their ability to be combined with human noun and non-human noun as a grammatical subject of the clause. The result of the analysis showed that both the adjectives of emotion and their corresponding verbs can fulfil similar functions; however, the functions of derived verbs are more restricted. This may relate to the notion of markedness. As derived verbs, they still showed the syntactic features of their base forms in that they can take modifying elements. The interesting and important syntactic feature of the adjectives of emotion and their derive verbs is that when functioning as a head predicate, the subject of the base adjective is semantically an EXPERIENCER and human, while for the verb form, the subject is semantically a STIMULUS and thing, it may also occur with a human subject, but it is less common.
I discuss different variables involved in the competition dynamics of eco-linguistic equilibrium affecting the wellbeing of minority languages, based on my documentation research on minority Austronesian and Papuan languages of Indonesia. Extending the notion of ecological equilibrium to include language as part of larger co-existence and mutual interactions of humans with their natural-biological, social-cultural-symbolic, and cognitive ecologies (Haugen 1972, Næss 2008, Chen 2016, among others), I argue for the significance of symbolic social-cognitive variable for a healthy eco-linguistic equilibrium of a minority language. There is good empirical evidence from Loloan Malay (an Austronesian language spoken in western Bali) showing that small population size is not a detriment to the language’s well being in the competition dynamics in multilingual setting, and that high language vitality is tightly associated with the identity-related symbolic status of the language. Nevertheless, in the case of Marori (a highly endangered Papuan languge of Merauke) and Enggano (an Austronesian language on Enggano Island, southwest of Bengkulu), the population size with an increasingly dwindling number of speakers is indeed a critical variable, seriously affecting the equilibrium resulting in rapid language shift. In the full paper, I provide further support for the close connection of language’s well being, distinctive identities and the speakers’ dynamic ecology, and also discuss language advocacy, literacy resources and other strategies mitigating the negative effect of the competition dynamics of languages in contemporary Indonesia.
Chen, Sibo. 2016. “Language and ecology: A content analysis of ecolinguistics as an emerging research field.” Ampersand no. 3:108-116.
Haugen, E. 1972. The Ecology of Language. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Næss, A. 2008. “Ecology of Wisdom: Writings by Arne Næss.” In, edited by A.R. Drengson and B. Devall. Counterpoint, Berkeley, CA.
The 2019 International Conference on The Austronesian and Papuan Worlds (ICAPaW)
6 – 8 September 2019 at the Faculty of Arts, Udayana University,
Denpasar, Bali – Indonesia
The Dynamics of the Contemporary Austronesian and Papuan Worlds from Cross-disciplinary Perspectives
The dynamics of Austronesian/Papuan languages
phonetics and phonology, morphosyntax, semantics, discourse/pragmatics, vernacular acquisition/learning/teaching, translation and interpreting
The socio and cultural dynamics of indigeneity, heritage and identity
multilingualism, cultural pluralism/multiculturalism, language/culture endangerment, vernacular histories/oral traditions, heritage tourism, adat/indigenous rights/advocacy, social and religious harmony
ICAPaW 2019 is jointly organised by the Australian National University and Udayana University
We invite abstracts* for 30-minute presentations (i.e. 20 minutes presentation and 10 minutes discussion) on any topics in relation to the socio, cultural and linguistic dynamics of the Austronesian and Papuan Worlds, particularly with special areal focus on Indonesia. We welcome papers that discuss the following sub-themes:
- The dynamics of Austronesian/Papuan Languages
- phonetics and phonology, morphosyntax, semantics, discourse/pragmatics, vernacular acquisition/learning/teaching, translation and interpreting
- The socio and cultural dynamics of indigeneity, heritage and identity
- multilingualism, cultural pluralism/multiculturalism, language/culture endangerment, vernacular histories/oral traditions, heritage tourism, adat/indigenous rights/advocacy, social and religious harmony
- The dynamics of Austronesian/Papuan Languages
Please submit a one-page abstract (A4) in English, preferably in
.docx file format. Font type is Arial with the size of 10 points or larger and margins of at least 1.5 cm on all four sides. Abstract should include title (Please use our abstract template). All abstracts will be reviewed anonymously. Omit name and affiliation, and avoid obvious self-reference.
Information about the title of your abstract and the author(s) must be included in the body text of your email sent to the committee with the following format:
- TITLE OF YOUR PAPER
- AUTHOR 1 NAME (FIRST_LAST)
- AUTHOR 1 EMAIL
- AUTHOR 1 AFFILIATION
- AUTHOR 2 NAME (FIRST_LAST)
- AUTHOR 2 EMAIL
- AUTHOR 2 AFFILIATION
- … (repeat if you submit multiple-authored paper)
*Note: Abstracts in Indonesian are welcome, but the authors have to provide the English version of the abstracts when their abstracts are accepted for presentation after the review.