Project: Digital Prototype Development for Balinese Script

Aims: To develop a computer-based keyboard specifically for Balinese Script
Funding: 2020 Udayana Univesity Innovation Research Grant
Amount: Rp 250.000.000,-

Chief investigator: Cokorda Rai Adi Pramartha, Ph.D

Co-investigators:
  1. Ida Bagus Gede Dwidasmara, S.Kom, M.Cs
  2. I Putu Gede Hendra Suputra, S.Kom, M.Kom
  3. Drs. I Wayan Arka, M.S., Ph.D
  4. Ni Putu Sri Harta Mimba, SE, M.Si, Ph.D
Outcomes:
  1. Intellectual property right: Computer Application
  2. Intellectual property right: Composition approach 
  3. Proceeding/Book chapter at the International Conference on Digital Heritage entitle Digital Humanities: Prototype Development for Balinese Script 

Coding untuk anak Sastra? Perlu banget!

CIRHSS Deputy Secretary, Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg, Ph.D., gave a guess talk at BIT School about the benefits of coding/computing skill and data science in Language Sciences. Gede presented three simple cases to illustrate the interaction of computational and data science skills using R for investigating language and texts.

  1. Generating a frequency list of words from hundreds of text files, followed by
    1. Extracting full-reduplication words
    2. Performing summary statistics for the length of the letters in the reduplication
    3. Visualising the results
  2. Extracting prominent/key terms in a collection of novels to reveal what those novels are about.
  3. Comparing collocates of one word (i.e. menolak ‘to refuse’) in two different text corpora.

Below are the recordings of the talk (in Indonesian). The first part is the presentation, while the second part is the Q&A section.

Presentation
Q&A

ICAPaW 2019 Call for Papers

The Call-for-Papers website for The 2019 International Conference on the Austronesian and Papuan Worlds (ICAPaW 2019) is now up and live!

Please read the Abstract Specification carefully and use our abstract template. Abstract submission deadline is 5 July 2019. ICAPaW 2019 is held in conjunction with the launching of The Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on the Humanities and Social Sciences (CIRHSS)[1].

[1] The feature image is the Mount Agung landscape (Holy Volcano Agung in Bali). Photo by Artem Beliaikin (@belart84) on Unsplash.

 

 

Registration

Fees for International Conference
CategoriesFor local Indonesians (IDR)For non-Indonesians (USD)
Early BirdIDR 1,500,000USD 115
NormalIDR 1,750,000USD 170

Fees for International Master Classes and Guest Lecture
TitlesFor local Indonesians (IDR)For non-Indonesians (USD)
Indigenity, Heritage and Vernacular HistoriesIDR 500,000USD 45
Linguistic Typology and Austronesian SyntaxIDR 1,500,000USD 115
Experimental Syntax and Language ProcessingFREEFREE
Introduction to RFREEFREE

Fees for Conference Proceedings (Optional)
ItemsFor local Indonesians (IDR)For non-Indonesians (USD)
ProceedingsIDR 200,000USD 15

Note: Technical details on the payment and registration procedures will be updated here.

Scholarships

For the Master Class, there is a scholarship available from The Wurm Foundation. To apply for it, please send your most recent CV and academic transcript to icapaw2019@gmail.com. As the email subject, please put “ICAPaW2019 Master Class Scholarship Application”.

The deadlines to apply for the scholarship is on 19 July 2019.

The outcome of the scholarship application is on 31 July 2019.

 

Invited Speakers

Professor Simon Haberle (Australian National University)

Reconstructing vegetation cover and long-term environmental change in Sunda and Sahul

Reconstructing past vegetation cover through the study of microscopic plant remains preserved in sedimentary environments – otherwise known as palaeoecology – provides an important window into the nature, pace and direction of environmental change through time. Existing lines of evidence point to significant changes to biodiversity, vegetation cover, and fire frequency since the arrival of Homo sapiens into Sunda (island SE Asia) and Sahul (Australia-New Guinea) sometime around 65,000 years ago. In this paper I show how detailed reconstructions of past landscapes can be derived from pollen and charcoal preserved in sedimentary records and present a review of the nature of the past environments during the span of time from when H. sapiens first encountered this landscape through to the managed and human influenced landscapes described at European contact. The new Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Biodiversity and Heritage in Australia aims to build our capacity in interdisciplinary studies by combining archaeological and palaeo-environmental to allow an assessment of how people adapted to changing conditions and in turn may have driven these changes.

Professor Chris Ballard (Australian National University)

History and language transformation in Oceania

What can the study of history bring to the reconstruction of language transformation? While historical linguistics has forged powerful collaborations with anthropology, archaeology and genetics, the relationship with history is much less developed. A series of vignettes from New Guinea and Vanuatu illustrates some of the potential of both oral traditions and documentary history in recasting questions about the evolution of contemporary language diversity in Melanesia: on the migration of the ancestors of the Agarabi-speakers and their adoption of Gadsup language in Papua New Guinea’s Eastern Highlands; on the complex layering of Melanesian and Polynesian languages in Central Vanuatu; and the distinctive diffusion after 1871 of tools, crops and terms introduced by Russian anthropologist Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay to the Madang coast.

Professor Ketut Artawa (Udayana University)

Adjectives of emotion and their corresponding derived verbs: A typological perspective

Adjectives can be found in every language, however, the types and sizes of adjective each language has could be different from one another.  In a great majority of languages, adjectives are semantically used to state a property and specify the referent of a noun ( Dixon, 2010: 91). This paper will account for the interaction between syntax and semantics of adjectives of emotion and their corresponding derived verbs in Indonesian. The analysis makes use of a number of syntactic tests comparing the syntactic properties of the adjectives of emotion with their corresponding derived verbs. The syntactic tests include the various functions that the adjectives of emotion and corresponding derived verbs can fulfill in the clause structure, their ability to take a modifying element, their syntactic properties in a comparative construction, and their ability to be combined with human noun and non-human noun as a grammatical subject of the clause. The result of the analysis showed that both the adjectives of emotion and their corresponding verbs can fulfil similar functions; however, the functions of derived verbs are more restricted. This may relate to the notion of markedness. As derived verbs, they still showed the syntactic features of their base forms in that they can take modifying elements. The interesting and important syntactic feature of the adjectives of emotion and their derive verbs is that when functioning as a head predicate, the subject of the base adjective is semantically an EXPERIENCER and human, while for the verb form, the subject is semantically a STIMULUS and thing, it may also occur with a human subject, but it is less common.

Associate Professor I Wayan Arka (Australian National University)

On the competition dynamics and eco-linguistic equilibrium of minority languages: case studies from Indonesia

I discuss different variables involved in the competition dynamics of eco-linguistic equilibrium affecting the wellbeing of minority languages, based on my documentation research on minority Austronesian and Papuan languages of Indonesia. Extending the notion of ecological equilibrium to include language as part of larger co-existence and mutual interactions of humans with their natural-biological, social-cultural-symbolic, and cognitive ecologies (Haugen 1972, Næss 2008, Chen 2016, among others), I argue for the significance of symbolic social-cognitive variable for a healthy eco-linguistic equilibrium of a minority language. There is good empirical evidence from Loloan Malay (an Austronesian language spoken in western Bali) showing that small population size is not a detriment to the language’s well being in the competition dynamics in multilingual setting, and that high language vitality is tightly associated with the identity-related symbolic status of the language. Nevertheless, in the case of Marori (a highly endangered Papuan languge of Merauke) and Enggano (an Austronesian language on Enggano Island, southwest of Bengkulu), the population size with an increasingly dwindling number of speakers is indeed a critical variable, seriously affecting the equilibrium resulting in rapid language shift. In the full paper, I provide further support for the close connection of language’s well being, distinctive identities and the speakers’ dynamic ecology, and also discuss language advocacy, literacy resources and other strategies mitigating the negative effect of the competition dynamics of languages in contemporary Indonesia.

References

Chen, Sibo. 2016. “Language and ecology: A content analysis of ecolinguistics as an emerging research field.” Ampersand no. 3:108-116.

Haugen, E. 1972. The Ecology of Language. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Næss, A. 2008. “Ecology of Wisdom: Writings by Arne Næss.” In, edited by A.R. Drengson and B. Devall. Counterpoint, Berkeley, CA.